How To Install And Wire Car Speaker Crossovers The Right Way

If you want more power & volume, less distortion, or simply to enjoy your music with better sound, you’re going to need to know how to connect speaker crossovers. I’d love to help!

In this article, I’ll cover how to install and wire car speaker crossovers with great results. 

Here’s what you’ll find inside:

  • Car speaker crossover wiring diagrams
  • How to install tweeters with crossovers (including tweeters with built-in crossovers already)
  • How to install a crossover in your car like a pro – tips on installation and mounting
  • Additional helpful info about speakers, impedance, crossovers, and more

There’s a lot to cover so let’s get started!

How to wire car speaker crossovers (diagram and info)

How to wire car speaker crossovers diagram

How-to and tips for wiring car speakers to crossovers

In order to correctly wire speaker crossovers, you’ll want to do the following:

  • Be sure to plan for having enough speaker wire on hand. Many speakers do come with speaker wire, but more often than not (1) it’s fairly short in length or (2) it’s not great quality. I recommend picking up a roll of 25 feet, 50 feet, or even more to make sure you have enough if running wire from speakers to the crossovers.
  • When connecting the wire, strip about 3/8″ wire from each wire and twist the bare conductors tightly to prepare them for the speaker wire terminals or connectors you’ll be using
  • Be sure to carefully follow the crossover & speaker wire polarity markings. That’s because if one speaker is wired backward vs another, this creates a condition called being “out of phase.” That just means one speaker is working to make sound in the opposite direction of another and can cause some sounds to cancel out, in addition to sounding weird and not as it should.
  • Always use the correct speaker impedance for the crossover. Crossovers are designed to work only with one speaker impedance (Ohms) in most cases. Changing this causes crossover shift which means the crossover’s frequency cutoff changes dramatically and your speakers won’t sound right at all.

Crossovers are normally marked with the correct speaker wire polarity to connect to as well as which speaker you should connect. Often you’ll find an abbreviation like “TW” for the tweeter and “Wf” or “Md” for woofers and midrange/midbass speakers.

Do crossovers have to be wired close to speakers?

Diagram showing crossover wired close to or far away from the speaker

You can install & wire speaker crossover close to the amp or car radio. They don’t have to be installed close to the speakers.

The good news is that yes, you can wire speaker crossovers close to your amp or car stereo if it’s less work. While it’s usually easier to do it where the speakers are when upgrading factory 2-way component speaker systems (since they’re often close to each other in the doors, for example), it’s not important.

example of component speakers installed in car door

It’s generally easier to put a crossover near the component speakers when upgrading (or adding your own) 2-way speaker systems. However, there’s no reason you have to most of the time. When it’s convenient, you might find it helpful to keep the crossover closer to the car stereo or amp, saving the need to do more work or run new speaker wire to go to it.

For example, if you’re upgrading factory-installed tweeters but don’t want to have to hunt down and modify the factory wiring, normally it would require running new speaker wire to them. Instead, you can avoid all that time & headache by wiring them inline behind the head unit, then connecting the new tweeters in place of the old ones.

As long as the speaker wiring is reasonably short (less than 50 feet for each speaker, for example), in the real world it’s not a problem. This is especially helpful for situations like adding bass blockers (inline high-pass crossovers) from an amp to your main speakers.

Just be aware that some vehicles may have factory crossovers installed on the speaker itself (very common for factory tweeters) or somewhere else in the speaker system. It pays to be sure before connecting your own.

How to mount & install car speaker crossovers – 2 great ideas

How to install and mount car speaker crossovers diagram

Once you’ve wired your speaker crossovers, you’ll want to make sure they’re installed and mounted securely. That avoids a lot of problems with them bouncing around and even potentially having a short-circuit if the terminals come close to metal.

As you can see from the diagram above, I’ve provided 2 practical ways:

  1. Mounting crossovers using wire (“zip”) ties: this is definitely one of the easiest and best ways to make sure your crossovers stay put. Not only that, but it saves a lot of time, too. This also works in nearly all vehicles (even boats in many cases!).
  2. Using self-adhesive Velcro tape: Using sticky-back Velcro tape is pretty fast as well, although in hot temperatures the adhesive can lose its strength over time. However, it’s really easy and if you have some Velcro already handy it’s a great way to make good use of it. You can also remove the crossovers without having to cut anything unlike with wire ties.

car speaker crossover installation example using wire ties to mount it

Shown: an example of how I used wire ties to mount a 2-way speaker crossover to the car’s wiring harnesses in the trunk. It’s not “fancy” looking, but still one of the easiest – and best – ways to install crossovers with a lot less hassle.

If you’ve ever bought wire ties you may have noticed that they’re often way too short to wrap around speaker installation parts. One of the installation tricks I use to solve this is by connecting wire ties to each other end-to-end for extra length.

This way, you can use any wire ties (6″, 8″, and other standard lengths stores may have) to get the job done. 

Installer tip: Be sure to get enough wire ties before starting your installation! I recommend buying a standard pack of at least 100 6″ or 8″ zip ties. However, my advice is to buy extra. Having 200 or more is much better especially as you’ll have enough to neaten up your bundled amp or speaker wire runs.

I don’t recommend you bother with the small packs of 25 – 50 or so as you’ll run out of them quickly.

How to wire tweeters with built-in crossovers to speaker crossovers

How to use tweeters with built in crossovers with 2-way speaker crossover diagram

What about using different tweeters with an existing component set or making your own component speaker set using some speakers & crossovers you bought.

The good news is that in most cases if the tweeter impedance matches that of the 2-way crossover this can work.

However, the most important thing here is that you don’t use the built-in tweeter crossovers. You’ll have to remove and/or bypass those.

Generally speaking, most add-on tweeters have one of 3 kinds of built-in or external crossover:

  1. Low-cost 6dB/octave crossover (capacitor) mounted right on the tweeter.
  2. A single capacitor wired inline on one wire.
  3. A 2nd order (12dB/octave) crossover is wired in line with the tweeter wiring or connects to it.

For #2 & #3, you’ll just need to either bypass it and connect the tweeter to speaker wiring & the crossover directly. Case #1 is a bit trickier. You’ll need to either remove the capacitor and solder the speaker wire to the positive tweeter terminal, bypassing it, or solder a jumper wire around it.

Soldering a jumper wire around it will act as a short and the capacitor will no longer be seen by the crossover you’d like to use.

Note that you shouldn’t use existing crossovers on speakers when connecting them to a new crossover. The crossover you’d like to use will behave differently and the sound won’t be correct. (The crossover frequency can change and other kinds of problems pop up)

What happens if I use a different impedance speaker on a crossover?

Crossover shift due to speaker impedance change explained diagram

Diagram showing what happens when you change the speaker Ohm load connected to a crossover: crossover shift occurs. That’s because the crossover frequency is very dependent on the speaker load used. When that changes, the crossover frequency moves (“shifts”) accordingly.

Crossover shift when using different impedance speakers

As I showed earlier, crossovers are based on parts (capacitors and inductors) that work as filters according to the speaker load they’re connected to. Because of this, when you change the speaker impedance you change the crossover frequency and the sound.

You’ll likely notice some sound problems if you do it:

  • A “harsh” sound from woofers or midrange speakers. Tweeters may sound distorted and begin to “break up” at a lower volume than they used to.
  • A “thin”, weak quality to the music.
  • Gaps in the sound ranges you should be hearing.

Speaker crossovers can only be used with the speaker impedance they’re designed for or they won’t sound the same.

As an example, wiring an 8 ohm home speaker to a 4 ohm car speaker crossover won’t work right. In that case the crossover frequency would shift downward 2 x the original value (example: a 3.5kHz crossover frequency would shift to 1.75kHz). That’s because the crossover is designed using math & parts based on using a 4Ω speaker load.

What happens to a crossover when I halve the speaker impedance?

When you change the speaker impedance connected to a speaker crossover it can significantly shift the crossover’s cutoff frequency. As a general rule:

  • Halving the speaker impedance (ex.: 8ohms to 4 ohms) doubles the crossover frequency (Ex.: 3.5kHz goes to 7kHz)
  • Doubling the speaker impedance (ex: 8 ohms to 16 ohms) halves the crossover frequency (Ex. 3.5kHz goes to 1.75kHz)

We don’t want this because it allows the wrong range of sound frequencies to pass to the speakers. In the case of tweeters, bass & midrange are bad because they can’t produce it properly. In fact, after a certain power level tweeters can be damaged when driven hard by bass frequencies.

Likewise, many woofers can’t produce high frequency sounds well and often sound really bad when producing it.

If you change the speaker Ohms you’ll have to replace the speaker crossover as well to match.

About the author

Marty is an experienced electrical, electronics, and embedded firmware design engineer passionate about audio and DIY. He worked professionally as an MECP-certified mobile installer for years before moving into the engineering field. Read more »

Your comments are welcome.
  1. What if I have a pair of 2 way components , like jbl gto 600c, and want to add a 2 inch mid , with its own crossover like the jbl gto20m 2″ mid, they advertise the gto 20m 2″ to turn your 2 way into 3 way, so do I just parallel the inputs from amp before both crossovers? The are both 2ohm , and usually that would cut in half, but isn’t the 2ohm load split up with the crossover by freq? How do I hook this up? Because they sell it as an add on

    • Hi, this is a sort-of unique case for the crossover in the 2-way system.

      1. Enable the gap feature in the 2-way crossovers.
      2. Connect the JBL midrange (they have a bandpasscrossover) on the same channel (this is fine in this case) or a 2nd channel if you prefer.

      The midrange will produce sound in the range that the 2-way system will no longer produce once it’s switched on. You’ll need a 2Ω min. capable amplifier, of course. This will remain a 2Ω system because the speaker impedance is only “seen” by the amp for one speaker at a time due to the crossover limiting the frequency range sent to each.

      Best regards.

      • So the jbl gto600c have a gap setting?, to skip the midrange freq? Parralle both crossovers and all three speakers will still handle as a 2ohm load beacause all speakers are handling their own sections of frequencies in the spectrum? Will be on a jbl club a754 400w, 100×4 at 2ohms, 75w x 4 at 4 ohm or 200×2 bridged 4ohm stable, or what if I series the 2 crossovers where it will show a 4ohm load on a meter but amp still sees 2?

        • Yes, that’s correct, what you wrote.

          > what if I series the 2 crossovers where it will show a 4ohm load on a meter but amp still sees 2?

          That won’t work as you can’t connect passive speaker crossovers in series. They’re connected in parallel.

  2. Marty,
    Thank you for your detailed post on car speaker crossovers. I like the large, color diagrams, some of us need visuals to understand concepts.
    You answered a question I was search all over the internet for: If component speakers (a set of mid’s and tweeters) that come with crossovers to split signal between the mid and tweeter, can a capacitor (bass blockers (blocking low freq.) be used in conjunction with that crossover, answer is no.
    Additional capacitors can not be used with the crossovers that come bundled with component speaker sets as it messes up crossover points. (did I get that right?)
    Thank you

    • Hi Rocko. I’m glad you like it & thanks for the kind words. Yes, exactly, I know that people like clear diagrams & info so that’s exactly what I’m trying to provide.

      Yes, generally speaking adding a capacitor to an existing 2-way crossover will change the crossover points. In principle, it can work for the low-pass output and form a bandpass filter to the woofer, which is how the midrange output in a 3-way crossover works, but not usually a good idea unless you’re sure.

      If a capacitor is added before the crossover instead of after it, that’s definitely going to affect the crossover points. For example, for the tweeter side you’d then have two capacitors in series which decreases the total capacitance and hence would lower the cutoff. (Capacitors divide when in series & they add when connected in parallel).

      If you use the electronic crossover in an amp you can avoid this issue if you need to add an additional high or low-pass function before the crossover. Best regards!

  3. When taking a + and – signal for inline on the crossover, is it best to take the signal straight from the woofer wiring or should you take + from woofer and – from tweeter then Into crossover?

    • Hello AJ can you clarify what you mean? I’m not 100% clear on your question.

      Basically, it depends on the type of crossover(s) you’re using. If the woofer has a full-range signal to it, you can connect the tweeter + tweeter crossover to it anywhere you like. If we’re talking about a 2-way crossover setup, you’ll need to get it from the full-range source to the crossover, then connect the woofer & tweeter to that.

  4. Hi,
    I have a 2023 Toyota Corolla Hybrid. I just purchased Infinity 603cf and 6532 with a 3004A amp. I was wondering how to wire the crossover, amp, and speakers to the factory radio. Because you would need to wire the speakers to crossover, how would I connect the amp to the radio without connecting the speakers inputs? Thank you

    • Hi, well wiring the speakers and the amp to the factory stereo are two separate things. You will need to get a signal to the amp which in this case typically will mean using the factory speaker outputs to go a line level adapter. Then from the amp to the crossovers and speakers.

      If you’re replacing factory speakers with the new ones in the same location, it’s sometimes best to run speaker wire from the amp to the factory speaker wire at some point. That would mean disconnecting it from the factory radio or factory amplifier then connecting to it there. Best regards!

  5. But wouldn’t I connect the speakers to the crossover then the crossover to the amp? And is it possible to wire the stock wiring to the speakers then splice the wire to connect to the crossover then connect the crossover to the amp. I can run the line level adapter to the amp. Would this work?

    • Hi, yes, the first two things I mentioned are exactly what I meant. Pardon if I wasn’t entirely clear. Like this, in many cases:

      Factory head unit (speaker outputs) -> LOC -> via RCA cable(s) to Amp -> [1] factory speaker wiring -> crossovers -> output to tweeters & woofers, may need new wire ran to go to the tweeters and/or woofers.

      [1] It depends on the vehicle, as in some cases there are no easily accessable tweeter wires so you may need to run your own or locate the crossovers closer to the amp.

      For vehicles with door speakers, it’s usually way too difficult and time-consuming to run new speaker wires to them, as it’s extremely hard to run wire through the body, door wiring harness, etc. The factory speaker wiring is typically large enough for most installations, anyhow.

  6. Hello if I have two mid-range drivers and I have two tweeters with a capacitor on the ends can I just wire them parallel with the mid-range speakers without a crossover on the front two front channels and if the rear has two tweeters and to mid base drivers can I do them the same way to the other two channels of a 4-channel amp without a crossover box everything is 4 ohm thank you

    • Hi Ronnie. Yes you can wire them in parallel with the midrange. Just be aware the sound won’t be as good as using a 2-way setup (usually) since the midrange will attempt to produce sound in the tweeter range as well.

      If the speakers are all 4Ω the amp should be able to handle them wired in parallel, although it’s ideal if the amp is stable to 2Ω per channel in this case. If you are able to pick up some inductors to use as a basic low-pass filter on the midrange/midbass that can help with the sound quality.

      Parts Express sells a lot of those parts and they’re affordable. Best regards.

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