Can I Connect Speakers Directly To My TV? Facts About TVs, Amps, & Speaker Wire Use

Yeah, I know how it feels: lots of TVs out there have terrible speaker sound quality. Or maybe you just want to enjoy better volume with your favorite movies or shows.

In this article, I’ll help you find out if you can connect speakers directly to your TV and what your options are. I hope to help you get the right kind of sound you need and enjoy your television experience!

Can I connect speakers directly to my TV?

Let’s get to the answers to the main question right away.

TV and speaker fast facts
  • No, you cannot connect speakers directly to a TV. TVs do not provide speaker outputs that can drive speakers directly as that requires an amplifier of some sort to power them.
  • Most TVs do, however, provide audio outputs that allow you to connect them to self-powered (computer) speakers, a small external amplifier, or home stereo receiver.
  • The types of speaker system electronics & cables you need depend on your TV’s output jacks. There’s no standard set of TV audio outputs, although most have RCA (stereo) jacks, a 3.5mm jack, or something similar.

So, unfortunately, the bad news is that you can’t hook up speakers directly to a TV (I’ll explain why as we go). However, the good news is you can connect speakers to a TV in other ways – and fairly easily, too!

How TV audio outputs work + the common types

Diagram of TV audio outputs analog and digital

Televisions usually have one or more types of audio outputs: analog (which can be amplified to drive speakers or connect to a home stereo receiver) or digital. Digital signals have to be converted back to analog before they can be used to drive speakers.

The most important thing to know first is that TVs do not offer speaker outputs. Instead, they usually provide analog (and digital, sometimes) low-level outputs to connect to an amplifier, powered speakers, or a home stereo.

Just like with any audio electronics without speaker outputs, the audio signal you can connect to comes directly from the internal electronics from the media you’re enjoying. In this case, the audio is extracted from the TV signal, separated, and copied sent to both the internal speakers (if present) and the audio output jacks.

Analog vs digital TV audio outputs

Analog outputs can be connected to nearly any audio amplifier, powered speakers, or receiver with RCA or similar analog inputs. They’re extremely common.

Digital audio outputs, on the other hand, must be converted to an analog sound signal either using a converter box or some home receivers with the input located on the. Digital coaxial jacks and optical Toslink connectors are very common examples of these types.

The internal speakers in your TV use an inexpensive audio amplifier chip that supplies enough power to drive with decent, but not great, power & volume.

Common TV analog outputs are:

  • RCA stereo jacks: left & right stereo signal outputs
  • 3.5mm (1/8″) headphone sized stereo jack: left, right, and ground signal connections

Do I need an amp to connect speakers to my TV?

Diagram showing how amplifier works to boost TV audio output for speakers

Shown: A basic diagram showing why you need an amplifier to drive speakers with TV sound and how they work.

Yes, you’ll need an amplifier to connect speakers to your TV, either separately or built into powered speakers like computer speakers. A home theater receiver or stereo amplifier with auxiliary audio inputs can also be used.

However, if you don’t already have an amplifier and only have basic needs (like enough power to drive small speakers with ok sound) you don’t have to spend a lot of money.

Note: Computer PC speakers are really easy to use and very affordable, making them a hassle-free way to connect speakers to your TV. You can get anything from a high-fidelity speaker set complete with subwoofer to a basic budget stereo speaker pair depending on your budget.

If you already have a home stereo receiver you can fairly easily take advantage of that. I’ll cover all of these options below.

How to connect speakers to a TV: diagram with examples

How to connect speakers to a TV diagram showing examples

You’ve got several basic options when it comes to connecting speakers to your TV, most of which do require spending a little bit of money. However, some ways such as using self-powered PC speakers, are a snap to do in only minutes.

As you can see from my diagram above, there are 4 main ways to get sound by using external TV speakers. These are:

  1. Using a computer (self-powered) speaker set. This may need a 3.5mm to RCA adapter cable.
  2. Using a mini amplifier for powering small bookshelf style or other home stereo speakers.
  3. Connecting the TV sound to a home receiver for using your existing speakers.
  4. Digital output use: With a digital to analog converter, it’s possible to connect to any stereo receiver, powered speakers, or auxiliary input you like.

1. Using computer speakers

Image showing example of computer speakers

Shown: An example of self-powered computer speakers with 3.5mm audio connection and USB power connector.

Computer speakers are the easiest way to add speakers to your TV. Nearly all come with an audio amplifier built into them and either use an AC-DC adaper or a 5V USB power connection. If your TV doesn’t have a USB power port (most don’t) you can simply use a USB phone adapter.

These speaker types can give great sound quality if you shop carefully and are very affordable, too. A decent pair start close to $15 and above, while there are cheaper products out there. However, the cheaper models tend to have a very “thin” sound: poor treble, poor bass, and overall a very bland sound response.

More advanced speaker sets include a self-powered subwoofer for even better bass response. Since PC speakers use small speaker cones many times they can’t produce much bass without one.

How to connect computer speakers to a TV without a headphone jack

Image of male RCA to female 3.5mm headphone adapter

Most PC speaker sets use a standard 1/8″ (3.5mm) stereo headphone connector, so for TVs without a 3.5mm jack you may need an RCA to 3.5mm adapter cable.

They’re usually about $3 or less and available at many online retailers and sometimes your local retail audio/video store, too.

2. Using a small amplifier and separate speakers

Exanole of external amplifier and speakers for TV sound

Example of a miniature amplifier and bookshelf speakers you can use with a TV for great sound.

You might think that you’ll need to spend a ton of money to power a higher-quality pair of “real” speakers like some great 4 1/2″ or 6 1/2″ just like a regular (and much more expensive) home stereo receiver. It’s not the case at all!

If you shop carefully, it’s possible to use a very basic – and affordable – mini amp and external speakers on a budget. For average TV, movie, and music channel listening you’ll only need 5W or more per channel amp power.

Amplifiers of this kind start in price around $20 with 15W per channel and a great-sounding pair of bookshelf speakers can be found for about $26 and up. Like many things, it depends on your needs and your budget.

As shown in the diagram, you’ll need to connect the amplifier to the TV’s audio outputs using RCA cable or in some cases, and 3.5mm adapter also. Most mini amps come with an AC-DC wall power supply you’ll plug in.

Next, you’ll connect the amp to the speaker terminals using speaker wire and you’re ready.

3. Using a home stereo receiver

Home stereo receiver digital and analog inputs example image

Already have a home theater sound system or home stereo receiver? Great news: in nearly all cases they offer at least one auxiliary (“AUX”) input RCA input pair to make it easy to connect your TV for excellent sound.

You’ll just need to connect RCA cables to one of the receiver’s auxiliary inputs. These are sometimes market for TV, cable, and/or DVD or Blu-Ray inputs selected from the main sound control.

On some models, they’re located on the front of the receiver and may be called “AUX” inputs. If your TV doesn’t have analog (RCA or 3.5mm) outputs, the digital inputs can be used. Those are nearly always optical (TOSLINK) or coaxial (RCA style) connectors.

4. Connecting speakers to a TV with digital audio outputs

Digital audio optical and coaxial output examplesExamples of digital audio output connectors some TVs use.

What if your television only has digital audio outputs? While it is a little bit more complicated, the good news is that you’ll be fine. To use digital audio connections, you’ll need: (1) A stereo receiver with digital audio inputs OR (2) a digital to analog (RCA) converter.

Digital to analog audio converter box example labeled

A digital to analog converter is a small box with a wall power input (adapter is supplied) and input & output jacks on both ends. It allows connecting a device with only digital audio out to any standard receiver or amplifier.

Using a digital to analog converter allows you to connect a TV without analog outputs (RCA jacks or a 3.5mm audio jack) to any equipment, making them super handy. Most sell for $15-$25 or so, depending on the brand and seller.

More helpful info about speakers, speaker wire, and diagrams

Here are more great articles I’ve written to help you get your speakers working or learn the basics:

Got questions, suggestions, or comments?

Feel free to reach out if you’ve got a suggestion or leave a comment below. If I didn’t cover your TV & speaker situation, I’d love to hear how I can improve my article. Thanks!

Your comments are welcome!

  1. Hi,

    So I connected my (very old) Logitech Z4 speakers to my tv using a toslink cable > DA converter > aux cable > speakers.

    It all works fine. My tv’s audio output is set to “SPDIF only” and the digital audio out setting is “PCM”.

    However, I can’t use my tv’s remote control to adjust the volume. I can only use the Logitech’s wired remote which has the volume knob.

    Could you help? I hate having to move around to adjust volume. It goes against my pledge of sedentary hedonism

    Reply
      • Hello Gopi. Actually, the sound quality can be very different, as it depends on several things:

        – The quality of the signal from the TV
        – The quality & noise level of the amplifier
        – The capability of the speakers for producing sound well (and the frequency range they can)

        For the average person they may sound the same, but as with many things, it’s an “it depends” situation. Also, a digital audio output can provide surround sound in some cases which an analog output cannot.

        Reply
  2. I recently acquired a panasonic/viera tv, appears to be a smart tv but no idea how old. If possible I would like to connect a pair of older computer speakers to the tv and would like your input. First is it possible to do so and if so how would I need to configure? I have a rough explanation below of the input ports. (0 = a port) Right side of tv: input #3; 0input, L & R audio 00. Rear of tv: left panel: R & L audio—R———-L Video
    HDMI 1 PR PA Y
    audio in 0 0 0
    0 0 0 0 (multi prong female)
    Component video in 0 0 (multi prong female)s video
    0 0
    Input 1 0 video
    0 0
    Input 2
    0 0
    HDMI 2
    Audio in

    Output
    0 0
    5 ports total

    It may look weird but the best I could do, hope you can help, thanks.

    Reply
  3. TV Model#: TC-32LX70; 60Hz; 2.3 amps power rating; Manufacture date: 11/2007

    Speakers: Dell Model # A215; 12 v / 0.5 amps

    Thanks, you are ACES, even if you can’t hook me up. I never expected quite such rapid responses unless it was some automated one. Thanks much again

    Reply
    • Hi there again & glad I could help. Ok, so looking at your TV & speakers this should be easy and is a “best case” scenario. :)

      1. You’ll need a stereo cable adapter (these are cheap, around $3 or so depending where you shop): 2 male RCA plugs to one stereo 3.5mm (1/8″) female headphone jack. These are common adapters, just that sometimes local stores are bad about stocking them. You can find them online for a good price if stores don’t have them.

      2. You’ll just connect the 3.5mm plug from the speakers to the female jack, then connect the male RCA plugs on the other in to the red, white “OUTPUT” audio jacks you see on the back of your TV. These are at the bottom.

      I don’t think you’ll have to, but some TVs may need the outputs to be turned on in the TV settings. Hopefully this helps!

      Reply
      • Hi again, obviously I do not initially follow direction well, below is what I did do and still have no sound; TV audio settings: speaker output on, HDMI 1 in auto set; power adapter plugged into wall & connected to right speaker input, right speaker RCA jack to TV audio output; left speaker RCA jack to TV audio output; am left with a 3.5 minijack from speakers with no place to plug in and static coming from right speaker, silence on left speaker. I do not play well with others as you can tell, your further assistance is appreciated.

        Reply
        • Hi Bear, I think you’ll have to use the 3.5mm connection as I recommended earlier, not the RCA jacks. I don’t believe those will work for you as far as I’m aware. You’ll need to a 3.5mm female jack adapter to male RCA plugs (see my comment above).

          You can also be sure your speakers are working by plugging their 3.5mm connector into a headphone jack to check.

          Thanks.

          Reply
  4. Hi.
    I have a set of active B&O speakers I want to connect to a Samsung TV QE75Q85R. I know that a converter is needed. Is it possible to buy a converter HDMI to analog converter. Have any of you experience by this setup. Can output volume be controlled by the Samsung remote?

    Reply
    • Hi there, you can definitely use an HDMI audio extractor in most cases. It can take the HDMI signal and extract the audio then convert it to a pair of analog RCA jack outputs.

      I’ve used one like this affordable one here (link).

      To the best of my knowledge, however, you won’t be able to control the volume with the TV remote, unfortunately. You’ll either need to do so at the speakers or with a volume control inline with the RCAs, if you can’t adjust it at the speakers.

      Reply
  5. I have a couple of old large speakers that were in the family. They take 1/4 inch jacks and I want to connect them to my tv. What is the easiest way to convert the jacks and use the speakers? I just picked up a newer turntable and wonder if it has enough power to go between the tv and speakers? It only has a 3.5mm aux in though.

    Reply
    • Good morning, Charles. It sounds like they’re not powered speakers so you’ll need to use a small amp to drive the speakers as shown in option #2 in the diagram. You don’t need a big one just to get sound. You’ll connect the amp to the RCA outputs or other audio out source on your TV, depending on what you’re dealing with.

      If the speakers have a 1/4″ connector you’ll most likely need to get 1/4″ plugs and connect speaker wire to them. I’m not aware of turntables that can drive speakers so that’s not an option.

      Reply
  6. Hi there
    I just wanted to confirm if I need amp to connect my Panasonic speakers both having two wires (Red and White) . Or should I connect RCA connectors at the end of red white and plug it in the ANDROID TV :)
    Thanks regards

    Reply
    • Hi Nick. If your speakers have speaker wires (which is sounds like based on your comment) and aren’t powered, then yes you’ll need a small amp to power them. You’d connect the amp to an audio output jack/jacks on the media device you’re using.

      An inexpensive mini amp with just a few watts per channel is usually just fine. Best regards!

      Reply

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